Smart Cities 1.0, 2.0, 3.0. What’s next?
A Smart City 1.0 is a municipality that is maximizing the use of advanced technology as a lever for viability, sustainability, and control. These cities are often criticized because of their technology push and the influential role of large corporates, like IBM and CISCO. The predicate Smart City 2.0 is appropriate if technological tools explicitly are designed to cope with problems like pollution, sanitation, health and traffic in consultation with their citizens. Unfortunately, participation of citizens in formal decision-making structures and meetings is flawed and appeals to a small minority only. Meanwhile, a much larger number of citizens is involved in activities like gardening, food processing, improving the attractively of streets and even energy production. These activities, often referred to as commoning or place-making are deploying high-, low- or no-tech solutions. They connect every day collaborative acts with broader goals like social inclusion, democracy, enterprise creation and building social capital. Here, the predicate Smart City 3.0 is in order. This post is about Smart Cities 3.0.
Sheikh Mohammed launches ‘Dubai Cyber Security Strategy’
Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE and Ruler of Dubai His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum accompanied by Crown Prince of Dubai and Chairman of the Executive Council His Highness Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, today launched the ‘Dubai Cyber Security Strategy’ that aims to strengthen Dubai’s position as a world leader in innovation, safety and security.
The Strategy was launched in the presence of Chairman of the Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum Knowledge Foundation H.H. Sheikh Ahmed bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, H.H. Sheikh Mansour bin Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, H.E. Minister of Cabinet Affairs and The Future Mohammed bin Abdullah Al Gergawi, Deputy Chairman of Police and General Security in Dubai Lt. General Dahi Khalfan Tamim and Major General Talal Humaid Belhoul.
Blockchain in Dubai
Following this belief, H.H. Sheikh Hamdan bin Mohamed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Dubai Crown Prince and Chairman of the Board of Trustees of Dubai Future Foundation, reinforced Dubai’s position as a global leader in transforming digital enterprise when he announced Dubai’s blockchain strategy in October 2016. Dubai Future Foundation oversees the strategy and Smart Dubai Office is the executive arm. In addition to the goal of using blockchain for all relevant government documents by 2020, the strategy has three main objectives: government efficiency, industry creation and international leadership.
Smart Dubai 2021
Bearing that in mind, Smart Dubai embarked on a new chapter with the launch of the Smart Dubai 2021 initiative. Over the course of three years, we built the strategic pillars of Smart Dubai to meet the forward-thinking vision of our wise leaders, drastically improving people’s lives in the process. We chose the bold vision of His Highness Sheikh Mohammed bin Rashid Al Maktoum, Vice President and Prime Minister of the UAE, Ruler of Dubai, as our guide, launching hundreds of initiatives and more than 1,000 smart services, and abiding by his words when he said: “A smart government goes to the people; it does not wait for the people to come to it.”
Cisco Enables Dubai Smart Government
When His Highness Sheikh Mohammed Bin Rashid Al Maktoum, UAE Vice President and Prime Minister and Ruler of Dubai announced the Dubai Smart City initiative in 2013, it was a mesmerizing vision to transform Dubai into one of the most connected and “smartest” cities in the world.
Now one year later, the Smart Dubai vision is rapidly becoming a reality and gaining momentum every day. To this end, Cisco demonstrated our commitment to supporting Dubai’s vision with the announcement of a raft of customer wins with the UAE and Dubai public sector during October 2014.
We signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with the Dubai Design District (d3) to explore potential joint opportunities in deploying new smart services and applications based on our Smart+Connected City (S+CC) solutions and ICT vision.
Dubai to leverage IoT and Smart City best practices
Guided by Dubai Smart City and Dubai Plan 2021, Dubai aims to become one of the world’s best connected, smartest and happiest cities by 2017. By leveraging the Internet of Things (IoT) and Internet of Everything (IoE), which will see 50 billion networked connections by 2020, Dubai can achieve a potential value of AED 17.9 billion by 2019.
The IoE will create value by lowering costs, improving employee productivity, generating new revenue and enhancing citizen benefits – aligned with the six Dubai Smart City pillars of life, society, mobility, economy, government and environment.
Demonstrating the potential for Dubai, two of the world’s leading Smart Cities – Barcelona (Spain) and Nice (France) – have at their foundation a shared network platform and citywide Wi-Fi network, which support sensors in everyday objects that transmit data back to government agencies, providing a new level of analysis in city services and livability.
Smart Cities Expo World Forum Address, Sydney, release of Smart Cities and Suburbs draft guidelines by The Hon. Angus Taylor MP, Assistant Minister to the Prime Minister, with responsibility for cities and digital transformation. Federal Member for Hume.
Good Morning and thank you – Dr. Yasar
I’m pleased to be able to talk to you today about the Australian Government’s Smart Cities agenda as a policy area, recognising the Federal Government doesn’t do planning but the Federal Government has very significant roles in our cities and so this has been a first and what I thought I’d do today is just spend a bit of time talking about our policy and in particular I’ll spend a moment towards the end focusing on a program that we’d love people like you to be involved in. It’s a well-funded program and one that I think many in this room have the potential to participate in.
I may be biased but I do think this is one of the portfolio areas where we’re pushing harder than almost any other.
Some of the things I’ll describe today that we’ve achieved in the last six months or achieving I think are very significant for Australia and have the potential to have impact both in the short term and the much longer term.
Now I don’t need to tell anyone in the room about the importance of cities. You all know that. I do want to say that I think we underemphasise it in Australia, not just in terms of our capital cities but in terms of our regional cities. You only have to look at the geography of politics in the western world to see the role that cities play.
When I look at the Brexit result or the Trump result or even the Federal election result, I can see the pattern. As a politician I see the pattern which goes right back not just to the politics, but to the underlying economics and cultural issues that are going on in our cities and as someone who represents suburban areas and regional cities I see this every day. Our cities are changing dramatically and we need to adapt our policy with it.
There is no doubt in my mind that we are continuing to see rapid growth in high income jobs in our CBDs, particularly our capital city CBDS like this one and Melbourne. But our outer suburbs and our regional cities are not participating in the same way and much of what you’ll see in what we are doing in cities policy is addressing exactly these issues.
We do think it’s important to keep our CBDs, our capital city growth centres which are typically in the centre of our cities, growing, that’s incredibly important but we need to make sure our regional cities and our outer suburban areas are also part of it
Now when we announced our Smart Cities Plan back in April we said there were three parts to our Plan – the first was Smart Policy, the second Smart investment and the third Smart Technology – and I’ll spend a little bit of time on each of those.
Australia overhauls federal infra funding
The federal government will consider funding Western Sydney Airport’s rail connection via a newly created infrastructure unit.
Assistant Minister for Cities and Digital Transformation Angus Taylor told InfraAsia that a new method of funding developed under its Smart Cities’ policy would move away from grants and could be applied to pay for the rail line being built as part of Sydney’s second airport.
Partnerships between governments and the business sector were seen as critical to bolster transport, urban planning and the roll out of new technologies, in submissions to the Smart Cities’ plan published today.
Local governments and community groups broadly welcomed the initiative – first outlined in April – but called for better coordination across three tiers of government.
Assistant Minister Taylor said the Smart Cities policies would allow cities to incorporate technologies including autonomous vehicles and the internet of things.
“We are really only starting to understand the potential of these technologies in our cities,” he told an industry forum in Sydney today.
To be finalised in March 2017, the Smart Cities initiative would have local governments partnering with business or community groups to roll out “smart” initiatives such as street lighting, waste collections with sensors or real time transport updates.
A cornerstone of the plan is the AUD 50m (USD 37.3m) infrastructure financing unit overseen by the Prime Minister’s department that will invest directly in road and public transport projects.
Assistant Minister Taylor said the government did not simply want to continue handing out the AUD 5bn to 10bn a year in grant funding as it had been doing, but wanted to measure the returns of money it invested in projects.
“Traditionally what you did with infrastructure is you handed the money over – there was no return required and the state government and the developers around that infrastructure were deliriously happy. We can’t afford to do that and our infrastructure needs are too great,” he told InfraAsia on the sidelines of the forum.
The federal government is looking for ways to fund infrastructure that stays off its balance sheet – such as the AUD 2bn concessional loan is has put forward for the WestConnex motorway in Sydney.
The Cross River Rail project in Queensland is another potential candidate for this type of funding, Taylor said, confirming the government had already spent some of the AUD 50m to assess the business case.
Asst Minister Taylor said a proposed rail line to the Western Sydney Airport at Badgery’s Creek, which will not open until the mid2020s, could also be funded this way.
The Smart Cities’ plan has three pillars – Smart Investment, Smart Policy and Smart Technology. Under the plan infrastructure is treated as a longterm investment, not a grant and will draw on innovative financing approaches such as value capture, the plan stated.
Progress on the Smart Cities’ plan followed the signing of the first City Deal on Friday (9 December) between the federal government, Queensland and the City of Townsville.
The 15year plan will foster development in the northern regional town, helping it rebuild old industrial areas around the port and replace its ageing football stadium.
A newly created Townsville Development Corporation will oversee the plan and the council will contribute land along the waterfront for urban renewal. The federal government will contribute AUD 100m while the state government will provide AUD 140m.
Assistant Minister Taylor said he was confident that the stadium – for which his government has set aside AUD 100m – will be “fully funded” but did not reveal whether this would involve the private sector.
Forthcoming City Deals will be signed with Launceston in Tasmania and Western Sydney, as the government announced earlier this year.
The government will roll the feedback it has received into the final Smart Cities’ plan to be released in March 2017.
Taking place at Oman Convention Center between 28th & 29th of March 2017, under the theme “Empowering Smart Nation” the event will focus on what defines a smart city as well as explore how to adapt the concept to best meet the unique needs for each city. Speakers will include thought leaders from Oman and experts presenting case studies from around the world. For more information, visit www.smartcityoman.com